Issues of governance will shape resilience to climate change. Governance in the context of climate change adaptation raises important questions:
  • In what situations are resilience-­related choices made?
  • How are conflicts resolved?
  • What creative steps are communities taking to increase resilience and what barriers are they encountering? How can people change those barriers?
  • How can governmental organizations be more effective at facilitating resilience?
  • Governance determines who can do what to whom, and on whose authority.

Governance is “the exercise of economic, political and administrative authority to manage a country’s affairs at all levels. It comprises mechanisms, processes and institutions through which citizens and groups articulate
their interests, exercise their legal rights, meet their obligations and mediate their differences.”  (Governance for Sustainable Human Development, 1997).

“Governance is all the processes through which collective decisions are made, implemented, interpreted, and reformed… processes that are shaped not only by formal government officials but also by private individuals, corporations, and a diverse array of professional associations, community-based organizations, and voluntary/non-­profit/non-governmental organizations…” (Adapted from the Updated Guide to IAD and the Language of the Ostrom Workshop by Michael McGinnis, 2013).